The heavy traffic and bad roads of Lagos have been baffling online mapping tools with potential “life and death implications” for people trying to reach the city’s hospitals, research has found.
Researchers looked at cases of pregnant women trying to reach hospital in the Nigerian capital, infamous for its roads, and found they faced a journey of up to four times longer than computers and satellites suggest, which mean the models for access to healthcare facilities are also out of kilter.
The findings of the study published last week in BMJ Global Health fly in the face of assumptions that Nigerian women in towns can access maternal care far more easily than those in rural areas, said researchers from the London School of Economics (LSE), the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine and the Institute of Tropical Medicine in Antwerp.
The study collected data from 738 pregnant women who arrived at four of Lagos’s largest public hospitals with life-threatening complications. Estimating their travel time using computer models and online maps, researchers sent out drivers to reconstruct their journeys and found that travel times were one and a half times longer than Google maps predicted, and four times longer than computer models.
“There are huge life and death implications of travel time to reach facilities for pregnant women in emergency situations,” said LSE’s Dr Aduragbemi Banke-Thomas.
“The World Health Organization recommends that women should be able to access health facilities within two hours,” he said, pointing out that online models all suggested they had, but that was not the case.
Worldwide 295,000 women die every year from complications of pregnancy and 99% of those deaths occur in low- and middle-income countries, with Nigeria accounting for 23%, according to Unicef. While this study focuses on Lagos, the authors suggest long travel times to hospital are “likely the case in other big African cities as well”.